Regulation of beta1 integrin expression by PKCepsilon in renal cancer cells.
- Walburgis Brenner
- Frank Benzing
- Justine Gudejko-Thiel
- Renate Fischer
- Gloria Färber
- Jan G Hengstler
- Barbara Seliger
- Joachim W Thüroff
Affiliations: Department of Urology, University of Mainz, D-55131 Mainz, Germany. email@example.com
- Published online on: October 1, 2004 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.25.4.1157
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Polarized cell movement represents an essential prerequisite for the progression and metastasis of malignant diseases. Protein kinase C (PKC) which physically associates with integrins has been implicated in the promotion of a migratory cell phenotype. In order to identify a direct link between PKC and integrins in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) the influence of PKC isoforms on integrin expression and possible consequences on proliferation and cell migration was analyzed in RCC cells. The constitutive expression of the PKC isoforms alpha, betaI, betaII, gamma, delta, epsilon, eta, theta, xi, lambda and micro was determined in the RCC cell line CCF-RC1. In addition, the influence of PKC inhibitors RO31-8220, GF109203X and GO6976 on the beta1, beta2 and beta3 integrin expression and cell proliferation of RCC cells was investigated by flow cytometry and by BrdU incorporation, respectively. Furthermore, the motility of CCF-RC1 cells was assessed through chamber chemotaxis analysis. All PKC isoforms tested were expressed in CCF-RC1 cells with the exception of PKClambda and theta. The PKC inhibitor RO31-8220 reduced beta1 integrin expression by 92% and inhibited proliferation by 42% of untreated cells, whereas cell migration remained uninfluenced by RO31-8220. GF109203X and GO6976 reduced beta1 integrin expression to approximately 50% of untreated cells. In contrast, beta2 and beta3 integrins were only weakly affected by RO31-8220, GF109203X and GO6976 treatment. The most significant influence on beta1 integrin expression was obtained by the PKC inhibitor RO31-8220. This leads to the assumption that PKCepsilon is involved in the regulation of beta1 integrin expression. Downregulation of beta1 integrins by RO31-8220 was associated with reduced proliferation, but did not influence migration. These findings provide a conceptual basis for treatment of renal cell carcinoma by interfering with tumor cell proliferation.