Gonadotropin-induced gene regulation in human granulosa cells obtained from IVF patients: Modulation of genes coding for growth factors and their receptors and genes involved in cancer and other diseases

  • Authors:
    • E. Rimon
    • R. Sasson
    • A. Dantes
    • A. Land-Bracha
    • A. Amsterdam
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 1, 2004     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.5.1325
  • Pages: 1325-1338
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Abstract

Gonadotropins play a crucial role in ovarian homeostasis and fertilization. However, hypergonadotropin stimulation has been thought to increase the risk for ovarian cancer. Moreover, some correlation between high levels of gonadotropins in the circulation and Alzheimer's disease has been implicated, with no clear evidence on the molecular mechanism involved. Using DNA microarray technology and RNA from gonadotropin-stimulated human granulosa cells, which comprise the main bulk of the ovarian follicular somatic cells, we discovered that stimulation of cells with saturating doses of gonadotropins gives rise to the expression of genes coding for presenilin 1 and 2, along with the up-regulation of genes involved in steroidogenesis such as StAR, cytochrome P450scc enzyme system and aromatase. Moreover, gonadotropin stimulation in these cells dramatically elevates activity of genes coding for epiregulin and amphiregulin, which can bind and activate the EGF receptor and ERB4. These gene products may elevate the risk for ovarian, breast, endometrial and other non-gynecological cancers. Gene transcripts for oncogenes and tumor markers such as pleiomorphic adenoma gene-like 1 (Plagl1) tumor antigen (L6) and claudin 3 were markedly elevated following LH and FSH stimulation. In parallel, downregulation in ovarian cancer 1 (DOC1) and suppression of tumorigenicity (ST5) genes was observed, suggesting a potential increase for cancer development. In contrast, increase in tumor rejection antigen (gp96) 1 and decrease in connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), transforming growth factor-beta 1 induced transcript 1 (TGFB1Il), pim-1 oncogene (PIM1), v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homologue (MAF) and CD24 antigen may be associated with a decreased risk for specific cancers. In conclusion, gonadotropin stimulation may modulate specific sets of gene transcripts that may either elevate or reduce the risk for specific diseases.

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May 2004
Volume 24 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Rimon, E., Sasson, R., Dantes, A., Land-Bracha, A., & Amsterdam, A. (2004). Gonadotropin-induced gene regulation in human granulosa cells obtained from IVF patients: Modulation of genes coding for growth factors and their receptors and genes involved in cancer and other diseases. International Journal of Oncology, 24, 1325-1338. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.5.1325
MLA
Rimon, E., Sasson, R., Dantes, A., Land-Bracha, A., Amsterdam, A."Gonadotropin-induced gene regulation in human granulosa cells obtained from IVF patients: Modulation of genes coding for growth factors and their receptors and genes involved in cancer and other diseases". International Journal of Oncology 24.5 (2004): 1325-1338.
Chicago
Rimon, E., Sasson, R., Dantes, A., Land-Bracha, A., Amsterdam, A."Gonadotropin-induced gene regulation in human granulosa cells obtained from IVF patients: Modulation of genes coding for growth factors and their receptors and genes involved in cancer and other diseases". International Journal of Oncology 24, no. 5 (2004): 1325-1338. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.5.1325