Expression and alternative splicing pattern of human telomerase reverse transcriptase in human lung cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Masachika Fujiwara
    • Hiroshi Kamma
    • Wenwen Wu
    • Makoto Hamasaki
    • Setsuko Kaneko
    • Hisashi Horiguchi
    • Miwa Matsui-Horiguchi
    • Hiroaki Satoh
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 1, 2004     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.4.925
  • Pages: 925-930
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Abstract

Telomerase activity is generally considered to be necessary for cancer cells to avoid senescence. The expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is believed to be a rate-limiting step in telomerase activation. Recently, it has been proposed that the alternative splicing of hTERT is also involved in regulation of telomerase activity. However, the regulatory mechanism of telomerase in cancer cells has not been thoroughly investigated. To clarify it in lung cancer cells, we measured the expression of the hTERT transcript, analyzed its alternative splicing by RT-PCR, and compared it with telomerase activity and telomere length. The expression of the hTERT transcript was positively correlated with telomerase activity in lung cancer cells. Cancer cells with high telomerase activity contained 4 splicing variants of hTERT, and the full-length variant was 31.3-54.2% of the total transcripts. Cells of the TKB-20 cell line, which has extremely low telomerase activity, showed a different splicing pattern of hTERT in addition to low expression. The functional full-length variant was scarcely detected in TKB-20 cells, suggesting that the telomerase activity was repressed by alternative splicing of hTERT. Telomere length was not necessarily correlated with telomerase activity or hTERT expression in lung cancer cells. Cells of the TKB-4 cell line that also showed relatively low telomerase activity (as TKB-20 cells) had long telomeres. In conclusion, hTERT expression is regulated at both the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels in lung cancer cells, and the alternative splicing of hTERT is involved in the control of telomerase activity.

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April 2004
Volume 24 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Fujiwara, M., Kamma, H., Wu, W., Hamasaki, M., Kaneko, S., Horiguchi, H. ... Satoh, H. (2004). Expression and alternative splicing pattern of human telomerase reverse transcriptase in human lung cancer cells. International Journal of Oncology, 24, 925-930. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.4.925
MLA
Fujiwara, M., Kamma, H., Wu, W., Hamasaki, M., Kaneko, S., Horiguchi, H., Matsui-Horiguchi, M., Satoh, H."Expression and alternative splicing pattern of human telomerase reverse transcriptase in human lung cancer cells". International Journal of Oncology 24.4 (2004): 925-930.
Chicago
Fujiwara, M., Kamma, H., Wu, W., Hamasaki, M., Kaneko, S., Horiguchi, H., Matsui-Horiguchi, M., Satoh, H."Expression and alternative splicing pattern of human telomerase reverse transcriptase in human lung cancer cells". International Journal of Oncology 24, no. 4 (2004): 925-930. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.4.925