Human telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA is highly expressed in normal breast tissues and down-regulated in ductal carcinoma in situ

  • Authors:
    • Jinsong Liu
    • Atac Baykal
    • Kar-Ming Fung
    • Jennifer A. Thompson-Lanza
    • Ashraful Hoque
    • Scott M. Lippman
    • Aysegul Sahin
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 1, 2004     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.4.879
  • Pages: 879-884
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Abstract

Telomerase is a ribonuclear protein that maintains telomere length in eukaryotic cells. Activation of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), the catalytic subunit of telomerase, has been implicated in cellular immortalization and may play a critical role in carcinogenesis. Prior studies in DCIS have been small, and used polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods on heterogeneous tissue extracts. In this study, we used in situ hybridization to determine the cell type and topographic expression pattern of hTERT mRNA in a large series of cased in normal breast ductal-lobular units and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). A total of 120 breast samples were evaluated. High level of hTERT mRNA expression was observed in both normal breast ductal-lobular units and DCIS, which showed a very heterogeneous expression pattern. Overall, hTERT mRNA expression was significantly higher in normal cells compared to DCIS (p=0.000). These results suggest that hTERT not only plays an important role in breast cancer progression but it is also involved in regulating the cellular function of normal breast ductal-lobular units. This finding challenges the conventional view that hTERT mRNA expression is repressed in somatic cells but activated in neoplastic cells. Our results also suggest that telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA expression may play an important role in the homeostasis of normal breast epithelial cells and neoplastic cells do not necessarily have increased level of expression of hTERT.

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April 2004
Volume 24 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Liu, J., Baykal, A., Fung, K., Thompson-Lanza, J.A., Hoque, A., Lippman, S.M., & Sahin, A. (2004). Human telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA is highly expressed in normal breast tissues and down-regulated in ductal carcinoma in situ. International Journal of Oncology, 24, 879-884. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.4.879
MLA
Liu, J., Baykal, A., Fung, K., Thompson-Lanza, J. A., Hoque, A., Lippman, S. M., Sahin, A."Human telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA is highly expressed in normal breast tissues and down-regulated in ductal carcinoma in situ". International Journal of Oncology 24.4 (2004): 879-884.
Chicago
Liu, J., Baykal, A., Fung, K., Thompson-Lanza, J. A., Hoque, A., Lippman, S. M., Sahin, A."Human telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA is highly expressed in normal breast tissues and down-regulated in ductal carcinoma in situ". International Journal of Oncology 24, no. 4 (2004): 879-884. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.24.4.879