Ursolic acid induces apoptosis through caspase-3 activation and cell cycle arrest in HaCat cells

  • Authors:
    • Pierre-Olivier Harmand
    • Raphael Duval
    • Bertrand Liagre
    • Chantal Jayat-Vignoles
    • Jean-Louis Beneytout
    • Christiane Delage
    • Alain Simon
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 1, 2003     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.23.1.105
  • Pages: 105-112
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Abstract

Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclic triterpene compound isolated from many kinds of medicinal plants and present in human diet. In this study, we investigated the pro-apoptotic effect of UA on HaCat derived keratinocyte cell line. Treatment with UA decreased the viability of HaCat cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. In addition, cell cycle analysis revealed that UA treated HaCat cells were blocked predominantly in G1 phase. Moreover, expression of p21WAF1, a cell cycle regulator, was increased by UA, indicating that UA-induced cell cycle arrest could be mediated through p21WAF1. During UA treatment, we also demonstrated that p53 was phosphorylated at serine 392 and translocated to the nucleus. It is well established that p53 achieves its tumor suppressor activity by inducing apoptosis on cells. To define the apoptotic process in our system, we examined effect of UA on caspase activities, and demonstrated caspase-3 activation. In conclusion, our results suggest that UA induces: i) cell cycle arrest concomitantly with the apparition of the apoptotic sub group G1 peak, and ii) cell death through apoptosis, which is mediated by caspase-3.

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July 2003
Volume 23 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Harmand, P., Duval, R., Liagre, B., Jayat-Vignoles, C., Beneytout, J., Delage, C., & Simon, A. (2003). Ursolic acid induces apoptosis through caspase-3 activation and cell cycle arrest in HaCat cells. International Journal of Oncology, 23, 105-112. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.23.1.105
MLA
Harmand, P., Duval, R., Liagre, B., Jayat-Vignoles, C., Beneytout, J., Delage, C., Simon, A."Ursolic acid induces apoptosis through caspase-3 activation and cell cycle arrest in HaCat cells". International Journal of Oncology 23.1 (2003): 105-112.
Chicago
Harmand, P., Duval, R., Liagre, B., Jayat-Vignoles, C., Beneytout, J., Delage, C., Simon, A."Ursolic acid induces apoptosis through caspase-3 activation and cell cycle arrest in HaCat cells". International Journal of Oncology 23, no. 1 (2003): 105-112. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.23.1.105