Genetic pathways of ‘de novo’ colorectal carcinomas with reference to fetal-type glycogen phosphorylase positive foci

  • Authors:
    • Kenji Shiomori
    • Shinya Shimada
    • Takashi Marutsuka
    • Ichiro Hatayama
    • Michio Ogawa
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  • Published online on: January 1, 2003     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.22.1.65
  • Pages: 65-74
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Abstract

‘De novo’ carcinogenesis has been advocated besides ‘adenoma carcinoma sequence’ as another dominant pathway leading to the colorectal carcinoma. Our previous study demonstrated that brain (fetal)-type glycogen phosphorylase (BGP) positive foci in the transitional mucosa (BGP foci) have frequent p53 mutations and that the distribution of BGP foci has a close relationship with the location of ‘de novo’ carcinoma. The aims of the present study were to investigate further genetic alterations in the BGP foci and to clarify the mechanism of ‘de novo’ carcinogenesis. Twenty-eight colorectal carcinomas with invasion into submucosa or superficial muscularis propria without any adenoma component expressing immunoreactive p53 protein were selected from 168 resected specimens. Investigations of the p53, K-ras and APC mutations was performed in the BGP foci, BGP negative colorectal mucosa and ‘de novo’ carcinoma using PCR-SSCP and DNA squencing. In all 28 cases, immunoreactive BGP was positive in the carcinomas and the BGP foci were observed sporadically in the mucosa adjacent to the carcinoma. No K-ras mutation was observed in either carcinoma or BGP foci in any of the cases. Mutations of p53 and APC were 14 (50.0%) and 9 (32.1%) in ‘de novo’ carcinomas, and 11 (39.3%) and 1 (3.6%) in BGP foci, respectively. Both p53 and APC mutations were detected in 8 and 1, p53 mutation alone in 6 and 10, APC mutation alone in 1 and 0 out of 28 carcinomas and BGP positive foci, respectively. These results suggest that the BGP foci may play a very important role in the ‘de novo’ colorectal carcinogenesis from the frequent genetic alterations of p53, and that there may be two major pathways, i.e., the p53-APC pathway and the p53 alone pathway, from the chain of genetic alterations between BGP foci and ‘de novo’ carcinoma.

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January 2003
Volume 22 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Shiomori, K., Shimada, S., Marutsuka, T., Hatayama, I., & Ogawa, M. (2003). Genetic pathways of ‘de novo’ colorectal carcinomas with reference to fetal-type glycogen phosphorylase positive foci. International Journal of Oncology, 22, 65-74. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.22.1.65
MLA
Shiomori, K., Shimada, S., Marutsuka, T., Hatayama, I., Ogawa, M."Genetic pathways of ‘de novo’ colorectal carcinomas with reference to fetal-type glycogen phosphorylase positive foci". International Journal of Oncology 22.1 (2003): 65-74.
Chicago
Shiomori, K., Shimada, S., Marutsuka, T., Hatayama, I., Ogawa, M."Genetic pathways of ‘de novo’ colorectal carcinomas with reference to fetal-type glycogen phosphorylase positive foci". International Journal of Oncology 22, no. 1 (2003): 65-74. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.22.1.65