Tumor suppressive microRNA-138 inhibits metastatic potential via the targeting of focal adhesion kinase in Ewing's sarcoma cells

  • Authors:
    • Kazuhiro Tanaka
    • Masanori Kawano
    • Ichiro Itonaga
    • Tatsuya Iwasaki
    • Masashi Miyazaki
    • Shinichi Ikeda
    • Hiroshi Tsumura
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  • Published online on: January 5, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2016.3317
  • Pages: 1135-1144
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Abstract

Short non-coding RNAs, called microRNAs (miRNAs), regulate cell biology by affecting the expression of target genes. However, we know little about the miRNAs regulating the growth and progression of Ewing's sarcoma (ES). To identify possible oncogenic factors in ES, we used a microarray-based approach to profile the changes in the expression of miRNAs and the downstream mRNAs in five ES cell lines. One miRNA, miR‑138, was significantly downregulated, whereas the expression of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) was significantly upregulated in all tested ES cells. When miR‑138 was transfected into ES cell lines, the expression of FAK in these cells was greatly suppressed and inhibited the proliferation and mobility of ES cells. Overexpression of miR‑138 in vitro resulted in further inhibition of the cell cycle at the G1 phase and in the induction of anoikis, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Moreover, miR‑138 overexpression in ES cells significantly suppressed the number of distant metastases in vivo. The data in the present study demonstrates for the first time a novel mechanism that regulates the expression of FAK via miR‑138 in ES cells.
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March 2016
Volume 48 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Tanaka, K., Kawano, M., Itonaga, I., Iwasaki, T., Miyazaki, M., Ikeda, S., & Tsumura, H. (2016). Tumor suppressive microRNA-138 inhibits metastatic potential via the targeting of focal adhesion kinase in Ewing's sarcoma cells. International Journal of Oncology, 48, 1135-1144. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2016.3317
MLA
Tanaka, K., Kawano, M., Itonaga, I., Iwasaki, T., Miyazaki, M., Ikeda, S., Tsumura, H."Tumor suppressive microRNA-138 inhibits metastatic potential via the targeting of focal adhesion kinase in Ewing's sarcoma cells". International Journal of Oncology 48.3 (2016): 1135-1144.
Chicago
Tanaka, K., Kawano, M., Itonaga, I., Iwasaki, T., Miyazaki, M., Ikeda, S., Tsumura, H."Tumor suppressive microRNA-138 inhibits metastatic potential via the targeting of focal adhesion kinase in Ewing's sarcoma cells". International Journal of Oncology 48, no. 3 (2016): 1135-1144. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2016.3317