TFF2, a MUC6-binding lectin stabilizing the gastric mucus barrier and more (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Werner Hoffmann
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  • Published online on: July 17, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3090
  • Pages: 806-816
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Abstract

The peptide TFF2 (formerly ‘spasmolytic polypeptide’), a member of the trefoil factor family (TFF) containing two TFF domains, is mainly expressed together with the mucin MUC6 in the gastric epithelium and duodenal Brunner's glands. Pathologically, TFF2 expression is observed ectopically during stone diseases, chronic inflammatory conditions and in several metaplastic and neoplastic epithelia; most prominent being the ‘spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia’ (SPEM), which is an established gastric precancerous lesion. TFF2 plays a critical role in maintaining gastric mucosal integrity and appears to restrain tumorigenesis in the stomach. Recently, porcine TFF2 has been shown to interact with the gastric mucin MUC6 and thus stabilize the gastric mucus barrier. On the one hand, TFF2 binds to MUC6 via non-covalent lectin interactions with the glycotope GlcNAcα1→4Galβ1→R. On the other hand, TFF2 is probably also covalently bound to MUC6 via disulfide bridges. Thus, implications for the complex multimeric assembly, cross-linking, and packaging of MUC6 as well as the rheology of gastric mucus are discussed in detail in this review. Furthermore, TFF2 is also expressed in minor amounts in the immune and nervous systems. Thus, similar to galectins, its lectin activity would perfectly enable TFF2 to form multivalent complexes and cross-linked lattices with a plethora of transmembrane glycoproteins and thus modulate different signal transduction processes. This could explain the multiple and diverse biological effects of TFF2 [e.g., motogenic, (anti)apoptotic, and angiogenic effects]. Finally, a function during fertilization is also possible for TFF domains because they occur as shuffled modules in certain zona pellucida proteins.
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September 2015
Volume 47 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Hoffmann, W. (2015). TFF2, a MUC6-binding lectin stabilizing the gastric mucus barrier and more (Review). International Journal of Oncology, 47, 806-816. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3090
MLA
Hoffmann, W."TFF2, a MUC6-binding lectin stabilizing the gastric mucus barrier and more (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 47.3 (2015): 806-816.
Chicago
Hoffmann, W."TFF2, a MUC6-binding lectin stabilizing the gastric mucus barrier and more (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 47, no. 3 (2015): 806-816. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3090