Open Access

Comprehensive screening of genes resistant to an anticancer drug in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

  • Authors:
    • Mai Tsutsui
    • Hirofumi Kawakubo
    • Testsu Hayashida
    • Kazumasa Fukuda
    • Rieko Nakamura
    • Tsunehiro Takahashi
    • Norihito Wada
    • Yoshiro Saikawa
    • Tai Omori
    • Hiroya Takeuchi
    • Yuko Kitagawa
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 16, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3085
  • Pages: 867-874
  • Copyright: © Tsutsui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY_NC 3.0].

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Abstract

Drug resistance to chemotherapy is a major issue in esophageal cancer management. Drug resistance may be mediated by genetic changes in the tumor; therefore, the identification of gene mutations may lead to better therapeutic outcomes. We used a novel method involving transposons to screen and identify drug-resistant genes. Transposons are DNA sequences that move from one location on the gene to another. A modified piggyBac transposon was designed as an insertion mutagen, and a cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter sequence was added to induce strong transcription. When the transposon is inserted to the upstream of a certain gene, the gene will be overexpressed while when intserted down or intragenically, it will be downregulated. After establishing a transposon-tagged cell library, we treated cell lines derived from esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) [Tohoku esophagus (TE)] with cisplatin (CDDP). We performed splinkerette PCR and TOPO cloning on the resistant colonies. Bacterial colonies were sequenced, and next-generation sequencing was used to identify the overexpressed/downregulated sequences as candidate genes for CDDP resistance. We established 4 cell lines of transposon-tagged cells, TE4, 5, 9 and 15. We treated the two relatively viable cell lines, TE4 and TE15, with CDDP. We identified 37 candidate genes from 8 resistant colonies. Eight genes were overexpressed whilst 29 were downregulated. Among these genes was Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) that is implicated in the progression of myeloproliferative neoplasms. We identified 37 candidate genes responsible for CDDP resistance in the two cell lines derived from ESCC cells. The method is inexpensive, relatively simple, and capable of introducing activating and de-activating mutations in the genome, allowing for drug-resistant genes to be identified.
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September 2015
Volume 47 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Tsutsui, M., Kawakubo, H., Hayashida, T., Fukuda, K., Nakamura, R., Takahashi, T. ... Kitagawa, Y. (2015). Comprehensive screening of genes resistant to an anticancer drug in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. International Journal of Oncology, 47, 867-874. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3085
MLA
Tsutsui, M., Kawakubo, H., Hayashida, T., Fukuda, K., Nakamura, R., Takahashi, T., Wada, N., Saikawa, Y., Omori, T., Takeuchi, H., Kitagawa, Y."Comprehensive screening of genes resistant to an anticancer drug in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma". International Journal of Oncology 47.3 (2015): 867-874.
Chicago
Tsutsui, M., Kawakubo, H., Hayashida, T., Fukuda, K., Nakamura, R., Takahashi, T., Wada, N., Saikawa, Y., Omori, T., Takeuchi, H., Kitagawa, Y."Comprehensive screening of genes resistant to an anticancer drug in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma". International Journal of Oncology 47, no. 3 (2015): 867-874. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2015.3085