Protein kinase C-associated kinase regulates NF-κB activation through inducing IKK activation

  • Authors:
    • Sang-Woo Kim
    • Matthew Schifano
    • David Oleksyn
    • Craig T. Jordan
    • Daniel Ryan
    • Richard Insel
    • Jiyong Zhao
    • Luojing Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 4, 2014     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2578
  • Pages: 1707-1714
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Abstract

Activation of the transcription factor NF-κB induced by extracellular stimuli requires IKKα and IKKβ kinase activity. How IKKα and IKKβ are activated by various upstream signaling molecules is not fully understood. We previously showed that protein kinase C-associated kinase (PKK, also known as DIK/RIP4), which belongs to the receptor-interacting protein (RIP) kinase family, mediates the B cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF)-induced NF-κB activation in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines. Here we have investigated the mechanism underlying NF-κB activation regulated by PKK. Our results suggest that PKK can activate both the classical and the alternative NF-κB activation pathways. PKK associates with IKKα and IKKβ in mammalian cells and induces activation of both IKKα and IKKβ via phosphorylation of their serine residues 176/180 and 177/181, respectively. Unlike other members of the RIP family that activate NF-κB through a kinase-independent pathway, PKK appears to activate IKK and NF-κB mainly in a kinase-dependent manner. Suppression of PKK expression by RNA interference inhibits phosphorylation of IKKα and IKKβ as well as activation of NF-κB in human cancer cell lines. Thus, PKK regulates NF-κB activation by modulating activation of IKKα and IKKβ in mammalian cells. We propose that PKK may provide a critical link between IKK activation and various upstream signaling cascades, and may represent a potential target for inhibiting abnormal NF-κB activation in human cancers.
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October 2014
Volume 45 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Kim, S., Schifano, M., Oleksyn, D., Jordan, C.T., Ryan, D., Insel, R. ... Chen, L. (2014). Protein kinase C-associated kinase regulates NF-κB activation through inducing IKK activation. International Journal of Oncology, 45, 1707-1714. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2578
MLA
Kim, S., Schifano, M., Oleksyn, D., Jordan, C. T., Ryan, D., Insel, R., Zhao, J., Chen, L."Protein kinase C-associated kinase regulates NF-κB activation through inducing IKK activation". International Journal of Oncology 45.4 (2014): 1707-1714.
Chicago
Kim, S., Schifano, M., Oleksyn, D., Jordan, C. T., Ryan, D., Insel, R., Zhao, J., Chen, L."Protein kinase C-associated kinase regulates NF-κB activation through inducing IKK activation". International Journal of Oncology 45, no. 4 (2014): 1707-1714. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2578