Cancer-associated fibroblasts from invasive breast cancer have an attenuated capacity to secrete collagens

  • Authors:
    • Zhixuan Fu
    • Peiming Song
    • Dongbo Li
    • Chenghao Yi
    • Huarong Chen
    • Shuqin Ruan
    • Zhong Shi
    • Wenhong Xu
    • Xianhua Fu
    • Shu Zheng
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 25, 2014     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2562
  • Pages: 1479-1488
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Abstract

Normal fibroblasts produce extracellular matrix (ECM) components that form the structural framework of tissues. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) with an activated phenotype mainly contribute to ECM deposition and construction of cancer masses. However, the stroma of breast cancer tissues has been shown to be more complicated, and the mechanisms through which CAFs influence ECM deposition remain elusive. In this study, we found that the activated fibroblast marker α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) was only present in the stroma of breast cancer tissue, and the CAFs isolated from invasive breast cancer sample remained to be activated and proliferative in passages. To further assess the difference between CAFs and normal breast fibroblasts (NFs), MALDI TOF/TOF‑MS was used to analyze the secretory proteins of primary CAFs and NFs. In total, 2,903 and 3,023 proteins were identified. Mass spectrum quantitative assay and data analysis for extracellular proteins indicated that the CAFs produce less collagens and matrix-degrading enzymes compared with NFs. This finding was confirmed by western blot analysis. Furthermore, we discovered that reduced collagen deposition was present in the stroma of invasive breast cancer. These studies showed that although CAFs from invasive breast cancer possess an activated phenotype, they secreted less collagen and induced less ECM deposition in cancer stroma. In cancer tissue, the remodeling of stromal structure and tumor microenvironment might, therefore, be attributed to the biological changes in CAFs including their protein expression profile.
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October 2014
Volume 45 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Fu, Z., Song, P., Li, D., Yi, C., Chen, H., Ruan, S. ... Zheng, S. (2014). Cancer-associated fibroblasts from invasive breast cancer have an attenuated capacity to secrete collagens. International Journal of Oncology, 45, 1479-1488. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2562
MLA
Fu, Z., Song, P., Li, D., Yi, C., Chen, H., Ruan, S., Shi, Z., Xu, W., Fu, X., Zheng, S."Cancer-associated fibroblasts from invasive breast cancer have an attenuated capacity to secrete collagens". International Journal of Oncology 45.4 (2014): 1479-1488.
Chicago
Fu, Z., Song, P., Li, D., Yi, C., Chen, H., Ruan, S., Shi, Z., Xu, W., Fu, X., Zheng, S."Cancer-associated fibroblasts from invasive breast cancer have an attenuated capacity to secrete collagens". International Journal of Oncology 45, no. 4 (2014): 1479-1488. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2562