An oligonucleotide-tagged microarray for routine diagnostics of colon cancer by genotyping KRAS mutations

  • Authors:
    • Yuliang Liu
    • Haukur Gudnason
    • Yi-Ping Li
    • Dang Duong Bang
    • Anders Wolff
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  • Published online on: July 11, 2014     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2541
  • Pages: 1556-1564
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Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent types of cancer, causing significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. CRC is curable if diagnosed at an early stage. Mutations in the oncogene KRAS play a critical role in early development of CRC. Detection of activated KRAS is of diagnostic and therapeutic importance. In this study, KRAS gene fragments containing mutations in codon 12 were amplified by multiplex PCR using a 5'-Cy5-labeled reverse primer in combination with 3'-mutation-specific forward primers that were linked with four unique nucleotide-sequence tags at the 5'-end. The Cy5-labeled reverse primer was extended under PCR amplification to the 5'-end of the mutation-specific forward primers and thus included the complimentary sequence of the tag. PCR products were hybridized to tag-probes immobilized on various substrates and detected by a scanner. Our results indicate that all mutations at codon 12 of KRAS derived from cancer cells and clinical samples could be unambiguously detected. KRAS mutations were accurately detected when the mutant DNA was present only in 10% of the starting mixed materials including wild-type genomic DNA, which was isolated from either cancer cells or spiked fecal samples. The immobilized tag-probes were stable under multiple thermal cycling treatments, allowing re-use of the tag-microarray and further optimization to solid PCR. Our results demonstrated that a novel oligonucleotide-tagged microarray system has been developed which would be suitable to be used for detection of KRAS mutations and clinical diagnosis of CRC.
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October 2014
Volume 45 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Liu, Y., Gudnason, H., Li, Y., Bang, D.D., & Wolff, A. (2014). An oligonucleotide-tagged microarray for routine diagnostics of colon cancer by genotyping KRAS mutations. International Journal of Oncology, 45, 1556-1564. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2541
MLA
Liu, Y., Gudnason, H., Li, Y., Bang, D. D., Wolff, A."An oligonucleotide-tagged microarray for routine diagnostics of colon cancer by genotyping KRAS mutations". International Journal of Oncology 45.4 (2014): 1556-1564.
Chicago
Liu, Y., Gudnason, H., Li, Y., Bang, D. D., Wolff, A."An oligonucleotide-tagged microarray for routine diagnostics of colon cancer by genotyping KRAS mutations". International Journal of Oncology 45, no. 4 (2014): 1556-1564. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2014.2541