Intradermal immunization with combined baculovirus and tumor cell lysate induces effective antitumor immunity in mice

  • Authors:
    • Mamoru Kawahara
    • Hiroshi Takaku
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  • Published online on: October 4, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2125
  • Pages: 2023-2030
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Abstract

Although tumor lysate contains all the potential helper and killer epitopes capable of stimulating T cells, it is difficult to use as a cancer vaccine because it suppresses dendritic cell (DC) function. We report that wild-type baculovirus possesses an adjuvant effect to improve the immunogenicity of tumor lysate. When mice were administered CT26 tumor cell lysate combined with baculovirus intradermally, antitumor immunity was induced and rejection of CT26 tumor growth was observed in 40% of the immunized mice. In contrast, such antitumor immunity was not elicited in mice inoculated with tumor cell lysate or baculovirus alone. In tumor-bearing mice, which had previously received the combined baculovirus and tumor lysate vaccine, the established tumors were completely eradicated by administering a booster dose of the combined vaccine. This antitumor effect was attributed to tumor-specific T cell immunity mediated primarily by CD8+ T cells. Baculovirus also strongly activated DCs loaded with tumor lysate. Increased interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-12p70 production were also observed in DCs co-cultured with tumor cell lysate and baculovirus. Our study demonstrates that combined baculovirus and tumor lysate vaccine can effectively stimulate DCs to induce acquired antitumor immunity.
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December 2013
Volume 43 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Kawahara, M., & Kawahara, M. (2013). Intradermal immunization with combined baculovirus and tumor cell lysate induces effective antitumor immunity in mice. International Journal of Oncology, 43, 2023-2030. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2125
MLA
Kawahara, M., Takaku, H."Intradermal immunization with combined baculovirus and tumor cell lysate induces effective antitumor immunity in mice". International Journal of Oncology 43.6 (2013): 2023-2030.
Chicago
Kawahara, M., Takaku, H."Intradermal immunization with combined baculovirus and tumor cell lysate induces effective antitumor immunity in mice". International Journal of Oncology 43, no. 6 (2013): 2023-2030. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2125