Downregulation of CD147 expression by RNA interference inhibits HT29 cell proliferation, invasion and tumorigenicity in vitro and in vivo

  • Authors:
    • Rui Li
    • Yuqin Pan
    • Bangshun He
    • Yeqiong Xu
    • Tianyi Gao
    • Guoqi Song
    • Huiling Sun
    • Qiwen Deng
    • Shukui Wang
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  • Published online on: September 23, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2108
  • Pages: 1885-1894
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Abstract

We investigated the effect of CD147 silencing on HT29 cell proliferation and invasion. We constructed a novel short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vector pYr-mir30-shRNA. The plasmid was transferred to HT29 cells. The expression of CD147, MCT1 (lactate transporters monocarboxylate transporter 1) and MCT4 (lactate transporters monocarboxylate transporter 4) were monitored by quantitative PCR and western blotting, respectively. The MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase-2) and MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9) activities were determined by gelatin zymography assay, while the intracellular lactate concentration was determined by the lactic acid assay kit. WST-8 assay was used to determine the HT29 cell proliferation and the chemosensitivity. Invasion assay was used to determine the invasion of HT29 cells. In addition, we established a colorectal cancer model, and detected CD147 expression in vivo. The results showed that the expression of CD147 and MCT1 was significantly reduced at both mRNA and protein levels, and also the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was reduced. The proliferation and invasion were decreased, but chemosensitivity to cisplatin was increased. In vivo, the CD147 expression was also significantly decreased, and reduced the tumor growth after CD147 gene silencing. The results demonstrated that silencing of CD147 expression inhibited the proliferation and invasion, suggesting CD147 silencing might be an adjuvant gene therapy strategy to chemotherapy.
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December 2013
Volume 43 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Li, R., Pan, Y., He, B., Xu, Y., Gao, T., Song, G. ... Wang, S. (2013). Downregulation of CD147 expression by RNA interference inhibits HT29 cell proliferation, invasion and tumorigenicity in vitro and in vivo. International Journal of Oncology, 43, 1885-1894. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2108
MLA
Li, R., Pan, Y., He, B., Xu, Y., Gao, T., Song, G., Sun, H., Deng, Q., Wang, S."Downregulation of CD147 expression by RNA interference inhibits HT29 cell proliferation, invasion and tumorigenicity in vitro and in vivo". International Journal of Oncology 43.6 (2013): 1885-1894.
Chicago
Li, R., Pan, Y., He, B., Xu, Y., Gao, T., Song, G., Sun, H., Deng, Q., Wang, S."Downregulation of CD147 expression by RNA interference inhibits HT29 cell proliferation, invasion and tumorigenicity in vitro and in vivo". International Journal of Oncology 43, no. 6 (2013): 1885-1894. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2108