High expression of trimethylated histone H3 at lysine 27 predicts better prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer

  • Authors:
    • Xiaohui Chen
    • Ning Song
    • Keitaro Matsumoto
    • Atsushi Nanashima
    • Takeshi Nagayasu
    • Tomayoshi Hayashi
    • Mingang Ying
    • Daisuke Endo
    • Zhiren Wu
    • Takehiko Koji
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 20, 2013     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2062
  • Pages: 1467-1480
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Abstract

Epigenetic parameters such as DNA methylation and histone modifications play pivotal roles in carcinogenesis. Global histone modification patterns have been implicated as possible predictors of cancer recurrence and prognoses in a great variety of tumor entities. Our study was designed to evaluate the association among trimethylated histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3), clinicopathological variables and outcome in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The expression of H3K27me3 and its methyl­transferase, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) together with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in normal lung tissue (n=5) and resected NSCLC patients (n=42). In addition, the specificity of antibody for H3K27me3 was tested by western blot analysis. The optimal cut-off point of H3K27me3 expression for prognosis was determined by the X-tile program. The prognostic significance was determined by means of Kaplan-Meier survival estimates and log-rank tests. As a result, enhanced trimethylation of H3K27me3 was correlated with longer overall survival (OS) and better prognosis (P<0.05). Moreover, both univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that H3K27me3 level was a significant and independent predictor of better survival (hazard ratio, 0.187; 95% confidence interval, 0.066-0.531, P=0.002). Furthermore, H3K27me3 expression was positively correlated with DNA methylation level at CCGG sites while reversely related to EZH2 expression (P<0.05). In conclusion, H3K27me3 level defines unrecognized subgroups of NSCLC patients with distinct epigenetic phenotype and clinical outcome, and can probably be used as a novel predictor for better prognosis in NSCLC patients.
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November 2013
Volume 43 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Chen, X., Song, N., Matsumoto, K., Nanashima, A., Nagayasu, T., Hayashi, T. ... Koji, T. (2013). High expression of trimethylated histone H3 at lysine 27 predicts better prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer. International Journal of Oncology, 43, 1467-1480. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2062
MLA
Chen, X., Song, N., Matsumoto, K., Nanashima, A., Nagayasu, T., Hayashi, T., Ying, M., Endo, D., Wu, Z., Koji, T."High expression of trimethylated histone H3 at lysine 27 predicts better prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer". International Journal of Oncology 43.5 (2013): 1467-1480.
Chicago
Chen, X., Song, N., Matsumoto, K., Nanashima, A., Nagayasu, T., Hayashi, T., Ying, M., Endo, D., Wu, Z., Koji, T."High expression of trimethylated histone H3 at lysine 27 predicts better prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer". International Journal of Oncology 43, no. 5 (2013): 1467-1480. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2013.2062