Heparanase expression is associated with histone modifications in glioblastoma

  • Authors:
    • Xin Hong
    • Kevin Nelson
    • Nancy Lemke
    • Steven N. Kalkanis
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 13, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1229
  • Pages: 494-500
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Abstract

In this study we investigated epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation, histone acetylation and histone methylation in the regulation of heparanase expression in glioblastoma. We found that heparanase promoters are differentially methylated among three glioblastoma cell lines; however, all these cells expressed baseline levels of heparanase. 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-dC), a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, revoked heparanase expression in all the examined cells. Trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, activated heparanase expression in promoter unmethylated LN229 and T98G cells but not in promoter methylated U251n cells. To identify the mechanisms of heparanase induction by 5-Aza-dC, heparanase expression-related transcription factors were examined. No detected transcription factors (EGR1, Ets1, GABPα and Sp1) were found to be induced either by 5-Aza-dC or TSA. Furthermore, we found that 5-Aza-dC increased acetylation of histone H3 and di-methylation of histone H3 lysine K4 (H3K4me2) in LN229 and T98G cells. The increased histone acetylation and H3K4me2 were also observed in heparanase-expressing tumor tissues by immunohistochemistry staining. Additionally, we found that nuclear factor κB (NFκB) p65 but not NFκB p50 was correlated with heparanase expression, which could be expressed both by neoplastic cells and angiogenesis-related neovessel cells. However, we did not observe any regulatory mechanism between heparanase and NFκB p65 via transient transfection of their cDNA in T98G and U251n cells. We concluded that heparanase expression is associated with histone modifications and promoter DNA methylation plays a role in the control of gene silencing. Overexpression of both heparanase and NFκB p65 may be the result of excessive histone modifications.

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February 2012
Volume 40 Issue 2

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Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Hong, X., Nelson, K., Lemke, N., & Kalkanis, S.N. (2012). Heparanase expression is associated with histone modifications in glioblastoma. International Journal of Oncology, 40, 494-500. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1229
MLA
Hong, X., Nelson, K., Lemke, N., Kalkanis, S. N."Heparanase expression is associated with histone modifications in glioblastoma". International Journal of Oncology 40.2 (2012): 494-500.
Chicago
Hong, X., Nelson, K., Lemke, N., Kalkanis, S. N."Heparanase expression is associated with histone modifications in glioblastoma". International Journal of Oncology 40, no. 2 (2012): 494-500. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1229