Levels of acute inflammatory biomarkers in advanced prostate cancer patients with α2-macroglobulin deficiency

  • Authors:
    • Yuhsaku Kanoh
    • Hideki Ohtani
    • Shin Egawa
    • Shiro Baba
    • Tohru Akahoshi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: September 5, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1185
  • Pages: 1553-1558
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Abstract

C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), α1-antitrypsin (α1AT), α1-acid glycoprotein (α1AG) and ceruloplasmin (CP) are acute inflammatory biomarkers that increase in various conditions including infection, inflammation, malignancy and tissue disturbance. In contrast, α2-macroglobulin (α2M) is involved in inflammation through its function as a carrier protein of IL-6. We had previously reported on advanced prostate cancer (PCa) patients with multiple distant bone metastases in whom serum α2M levels were markedly decreased (α2M deficiency). However, the relationship between serum levels of α2M and acute inflammatory biomarkers in PCa patients with or without α2M deficiency has not been demonstrated. In the present study, we examined serum levels of CRP, SAA, IL-6, α1AT, α1AG and CP in PCa patients with or without α2M deficiency to establish clinical significance and changes in these biomarkers during PCa disease progression. We found that upon addition of recombinant IL-6 (rIL-6) to serum from PCa patients with α2M deficiency, since a function of α2M is to bind and stabilize IL-6, the α2M-IL-6 complex and free endogenous IL-6 were not detectable. Serum levels of the α2M-independent markers, α1AT, α1AG and CP, in all PCa patients regardless of α2M deficiency were significantly higher than in healthy controls, but those of the α2M-dependent molecules, CRP, SAA and IL-6, were not increased in PCa patients with α2M deficiency. Therefore, quantitation of both α2M-dependent (CRP, SAA and IL-6) and α2M-independent (α1AT, α1AG and CP) acute inflammatory biomarkers in advanced PCa patients may be an auxiliary indicator, together with prostate-specific antigen (PSA), to monitor PCa disease progression.

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December 2011
Volume 39 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Kanoh, Y., Ohtani, H., Egawa, S., Baba, S., & Akahoshi, T. (2011). Levels of acute inflammatory biomarkers in advanced prostate cancer patients with α2-macroglobulin deficiency. International Journal of Oncology, 39, 1553-1558. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1185
MLA
Kanoh, Y., Ohtani, H., Egawa, S., Baba, S., Akahoshi, T."Levels of acute inflammatory biomarkers in advanced prostate cancer patients with α2-macroglobulin deficiency". International Journal of Oncology 39.6 (2011): 1553-1558.
Chicago
Kanoh, Y., Ohtani, H., Egawa, S., Baba, S., Akahoshi, T."Levels of acute inflammatory biomarkers in advanced prostate cancer patients with α2-macroglobulin deficiency". International Journal of Oncology 39, no. 6 (2011): 1553-1558. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1185