Prognostic impact of p53 aberrations for R-CHOP-treated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

  • Authors:
    • Lenka Stefancikova
    • Mojmir Moulis
    • Pavel Fabian
    • Ingrid Vasova
    • Frantisek Zedek
    • Barbora Ravcukova
    • Jan Muzik
    • Petr Kuglik
    • Vladimira Vranova
    • Iva Falkova
    • Renata Hrabalkova
    • Jana Smardova
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 18, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1170
  • Pages: 1413-1420
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Abstract

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent lymphoma in adults. There are specific alterations that appear repeatedly in DLBCL cases and play a role in lymphomagenesis or progression of the disease. Some aberrations were used as prognostic markers in the pre-rituximab era. Addition of rituximab to the classical anthracycline-based chemotherapy significantly increased the survival rate in DLBCL. Only few prognostic factors have been re-evaluated for patients treated with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone). We performed complex analysis of the p53 tumor suppressor in collection of 75 DLBCL cases. Fifty-four patients were de novo cases, twenty-one cases developed into DLBCL by transformation from less aggressive disease. We determined functional status by analysis of separated alleles in yeast (FASAY) and analyzed the p53 mutations by cDNA sequencing. We assessed the level of the p53 protein by immunoblot analysis. We used FISH to analyze loss of the p53 and ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated) gene deletions. We detected 16 p53 mutations (21.3%) including the mutation activating non-sense-mediated RNA decay pathway. Deletion of the p53 allele was more common in cases with p53 mutation. Mutations and/or deletions of p53 had statistically significant negative impact on progression-free survival and tended to decrease also overall survival in 46 de novo DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP. p53 aberrations are negative predictors for survival of DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP.

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December 2011
Volume 39 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Stefancikova, L., Moulis, M., Fabian, P., Vasova, I., Zedek, F., Ravcukova, B. ... Smardova, J. (2011). Prognostic impact of p53 aberrations for R-CHOP-treated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. International Journal of Oncology, 39, 1413-1420. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1170
MLA
Stefancikova, L., Moulis, M., Fabian, P., Vasova, I., Zedek, F., Ravcukova, B., Muzik, J., Kuglik, P., Vranova, V., Falkova, I., Hrabalkova, R., Smardova, J."Prognostic impact of p53 aberrations for R-CHOP-treated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma". International Journal of Oncology 39.6 (2011): 1413-1420.
Chicago
Stefancikova, L., Moulis, M., Fabian, P., Vasova, I., Zedek, F., Ravcukova, B., Muzik, J., Kuglik, P., Vranova, V., Falkova, I., Hrabalkova, R., Smardova, J."Prognostic impact of p53 aberrations for R-CHOP-treated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma". International Journal of Oncology 39, no. 6 (2011): 1413-1420. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2011.1170