Expression of the OGG1-type 1a (nuclear form) protein in cancerous and non-cancerous human cells.
- K Shinmura
- T Kohno
- M Takeuchi-Sasaki
- M Maeda
- T Segawa
- T Kamo
- H Sugimura
- J Yokota
Affiliations: Biology Division, National Cancer Center Research Institute, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.
- Published online on: April 1, 2000 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.16.4.701
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The human OGG1 gene encodes 8-hydroxyguanine DNA glycosylase. By RT-PCR analysis, five novel type 1 transcripts, in addition to eight known types (OGG1-types 1a to 1c and 2a to 2e), were identified. Among them, only the type 1a isoform contains both a nuclear localization signal and the entire DNA binding motif, suggesting the involvement of type 1a in chromosomal DNA repair. By Western blot analysis using a monoclonal antibody prepared by immunizing the whole type 1a protein, a 39 kDa type 1a protein was detected in lung cancer cell lines and peripheral lymphocytes. The type 1a protein was expressed at a similar level, irrespective of its polymorphic types characterized by distinct repair activity. By an immunocytochemical study, the majority of type 1a protein was localized in the nucleus. These results indicate that OGG1-type 1a protein is involved in the repair of 8-hydroxyguanine in chromosomal double-stranded DNA and constitutively expressed in cancerous and non-cancerous human cells.