Radiotherapy for carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall.
- R A Cooper
- N J Slevin
- B M Carrington
- A J Sykes
- A Birzgalis
- D Mott
Affiliations: Department of Clinical Oncology, Christie Hospital NHS Trust, Manchester, M20 4BX, UK.
- Published online on: March 1, 2000 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.16.3.611
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
Posterior pharyngeal carcinoma has an extremely poor prognosis regardless of the method of treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the local control and survival in patients with carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall treated with definitive radiotherapy and to determine prognostic factors which may be relevant to the current UICC staging classification. Between January 1991 and December 1995, 22 patients with a mean age of 60 years (range 44-82) received definitive radiotherapy, using a homogeneous technique, for carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall. The median follow-up was 42 months (range 25-66). The overall 3-year survival and local control for the whole group was 50% and 73% respectively. Patients with early stage (T1 and T2) disease had a significantly better overall 3-year survival rate of 77% compared to 11% for patients with advanced stage (T3 and T4) disease (p=0.0010). Similarly, patients with early stage disease had a significantly improved 3-year local control rate compared to patients with more advanced stage disease (92% and 44% respectively, p=0.0080). Patients with node positive disease had an inferior survival rate of 29% compared to 60% for those with node negative disease though the difference did not reach statistical significance. In addition only one patient with initial node negative disease had isolated nodal relapse. There was no significant late morbidity. For patients with early stage disease we have obtained local control and survival rates comparable to other groups with a once daily, short fractionation radiotherapy scheme but with reduced morbidity. In late stage disease altered fractionation schemes should be considered in order to achieve better local control and survival. Isolated nodal relapse was not a significant problem in this cohort of patients. Outcome correlates with primary tumour size and this is reflected in the current UICC staging classification.