Frequent expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.

  • Authors:
    • H Tanaka
    • H Kijima
    • T Tokunaga
    • T Tajima
    • S Himeno
    • T Kenmochi
    • G Oshiba
    • Y Kise
    • T Nishi
    • O Chino
    • H Shimada
    • T Machimura
    • M Tanaka
    • H Makuuchi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 1, 1999     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.14.6.1069
  • Pages: 1069-1142
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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) plays important biological roles in cardiovascular, nervous and immune systems, and is synthesized by nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Intracellular NO is known to cause DNA damage as a mutagen. We examined the expression of cytokine-inducible NOS (iNOS) in human esophageal squamous cell carcinomas. Weak iNOS immunoreactivity was seen in the basal and parabasal layers of non-neoplastic esophageal stratified squamous epithelium. iNOS expression was detected in 50 (87.7%) of the 57 esophageal squamous cell carcinomas, regardless of the depth of tumor invasion, histological differentiation and lymph node status. Early-stage cancers, i.e. mucosal squamous cell carcinomas, also showed significant iNOS expression. We speculate that increased iNOS expression is associated with the carcinogenesis of human esophageal cancer.

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Jun 1999
Volume 14 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Tanaka, H., Kijima, H., Tokunaga, T., Tajima, T., Himeno, S., Kenmochi, T. ... Makuuchi, H. (1999). Frequent expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.. International Journal of Oncology, 14, 1069-1142. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.14.6.1069
MLA
Tanaka, H., Kijima, H., Tokunaga, T., Tajima, T., Himeno, S., Kenmochi, T., Oshiba, G., Kise, Y., Nishi, T., Chino, O., Shimada, H., Machimura, T., Tanaka, M., Makuuchi, H."Frequent expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.". International Journal of Oncology 14.6 (1999): 1069-1142.
Chicago
Tanaka, H., Kijima, H., Tokunaga, T., Tajima, T., Himeno, S., Kenmochi, T., Oshiba, G., Kise, Y., Nishi, T., Chino, O., Shimada, H., Machimura, T., Tanaka, M., Makuuchi, H."Frequent expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.". International Journal of Oncology 14, no. 6 (1999): 1069-1142. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.14.6.1069