The efficacy of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (gemcitabine) combined with interferon in human renal cell carcinoma cell lines.
- D Rohde
- H K Hayn
- J Blatter
- G Jakse
Affiliations: Department of Urology, University of Aachen, D-52057 Aachen, Germany.
- Published online on: June 1, 1998 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.12.6.1361
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
The present in vitro study on three human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines (A-498, ACHN, SN12C) evaluated the efficacy of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC, gemcitabine), vinblastine (VBL), rhu-interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and rhu-interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) alone or in combinations. The cytotoxicity was measured by using the sulphorhodamine B colorimetric cytotoxicity assay. Analyses were made from cells being continuously long-term (4 weeks) or short-term (4 h) with IFN-alpha or IFN-gamma with regard to the cytotoxicity of the chemotherapeutic agents. dFdC was more cytotoxic against ACHN and A-498 cells compared to VBL. Pre-treatment with IFN-alpha enhanced growth inhibition caused by dFdC (4/4 cell lines) and VBL (2/3 cell lines), and was more effective than IFN-gamma. Pre-exposure with IFN-alpha sensitized SN12C and ACHN cells for dFdC. A-498 cells achieved a decreased sensitivity to dFdC and VBL after pre-exposure to IFN-gamma. The resistance of newly established dFdC-resistant SN12C cells (23-times) decreased when pre-treated with IFN-alpha. The data demonstrate efficacy of dFdC in human RCC at concentrations below clinically achievable doses. dFdC was more effective compared to VBL. Combined therapy preferentially with IFN-alpha increased cytotoxicity of dFdC in vitro. In vivo studies in nude mice xenografts are under investigation to support these observations.