One step direct detection of recurrent mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility gene, BRCA1.
Affiliations: Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Laboratory of Molecular Pathology, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1B2, Canada.
- Published online on: June 1, 1998 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.12.6.1263
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Germ-line mutations of the BRCA1 gene have been linked to 85% of hereditary breast and ovarian cancers. More than one hundred mutations have been reported, including several which are over represented within the Ashkenazi Jewish (185delAG) and Irish families (1294del40). These recurrent mutations are cost-effective targets for presymptomatic screening of cancer susceptibility. Most current techniques such as single strand conformation polymorphism, heteroduplex analysis, DNA sequencing, and protein translation termination assays are multistep, time consuming methods and require radioactive isotopes for mutation detection. As an alternative, we have developed a single step, non-radioactive allele specific oligonucleotide (ASO) PCR assay designed to target any known mutation. Its application to detection of the BRCA1 185delAG and 1294del40 mutations is described here. The ASO PCR is efficient, highly sensitive, non-radioactive, specific for individual mutations, performed in a single step, and is amenable to large-scale screening for other known mutations.