Targeted resequencing of phosphorus metabolism‑related genes in 86 patients with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia

  • Authors:
    • Jiemei Gu
    • Chun Wang
    • Hao Zhang
    • Hua Yue
    • Weiwei Hu
    • Jinwei He
    • Wenzhen Fu
    • Zhenlin Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 13, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3730
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Abstract

Hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia is characterized by defective renal phosphate reabsorption and abnormal bone mineralization. Hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia consists of inherited and acquired forms, many of which have unknown aetiology. In the present study, next‑generation sequencing‑based resequencing was used on samples from Chinese subjects with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia, aiming to detect the spectrum of pathogenic genes in these patients. A total of 86 hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia patients (ranging from 3 to 70 years old) were recruited. Patients with tumour‑induced osteomalacia (TIO), renal tubular acidosis, renal osteodystrophy, and adefovir‑induced Fanconi syndrome were excluded. Targeted massively parallel resequencing of 196 candidate genes for hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia was performed in the 86 affected unrelated individuals (cases) and in 100 unrelated healthy controls to identify new genes and mutations in known genes that cause hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia. The results identified seven phosphate‑regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on the X chromosome (PHEX) mutations (of which two were novel) and one novel dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) mutation in eight patients. Following targeted exome sequencing data analysis, 14 candidate disease‑related gene loci were selected, two of which were of most concern regarding disease severity. Further validation of the present results is warranted, with additional sequencing projects and functional tests. To our knowledge, the present study is the largest cohort of cases with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia to undergo targeted resequencing. The diagnosis and understanding of the molecular aetiologies of these disorders will be improved by this fast and efficient approach.

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APA
Gu, J., Wang, C., Zhang, H., Yue, H., Hu, W., He, J. ... Zhang, Z. (1899). Targeted resequencing of phosphorus metabolism‑related genes in 86 patients with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3730
MLA
Gu, J., Wang, C., Zhang, H., Yue, H., Hu, W., He, J., Fu, W., Zhang, Z."Targeted resequencing of phosphorus metabolism‑related genes in 86 patients with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Gu, J., Wang, C., Zhang, H., Yue, H., Hu, W., He, J., Fu, W., Zhang, Z."Targeted resequencing of phosphorus metabolism‑related genes in 86 patients with hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3730