Glibenclamide exacerbates adriamycin-induced cardiotoxicity by activating oxidative stress-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in rats
- Meng‑Lin Liu
- Meng‑Long Wang
- Jing‑Jun Lv
- Jie Wei
- Jun Wan
Published online on: February 13, 2018
Copyright: © Liu et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
Adriamycin (ADR) is a chemotherapeutic drug used to treat tumors in a clinical setting. However, its use is limited by a side effect of cardiotoxicity. Glibenclamide (Gli), an inhibitor of mitochondrial ATP‑dependent potassium (K‑ATP) channels, blocks the cardioprotective effects of mitochondrial K‑ATP channel openers and induces apoptosis in rodent pancreatic islet β‑cell lines. However, little is known about the role of Gli in ADR‑induced cardiotoxicity. The present study was designed to investigate the impact of Gli on ADR‑induced cardiotoxicity in rats. A total of 60 male Sprague‑Dawley rats were divided into the following 4 groups: i) Control; ii) Gli; iii) ADR; and iv) Gli+ADR (n=15 in each). The rats in the ADR and Gli+ADR groups were treated with ADR (intraperitoneal, 2.5 mg/kg/week) for 6 weeks. The rats in the Gli and Gli+ADR groups received Gli at a dose of 12 mg/kg/day via gastric lavage for 30 days from the eighth week of the study. Following the completion of Gli treatment, cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography, and the rats were sacrificed. The hearts were subsequently harvested for analysis. The rats in the ADR group demonstrated significantly impaired cardiac function and increased levels of oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and apoptosis in the heart compared with rats in the control and Gli groups (without ADR treatment). These abnormalities were exacerbated by Gli in the Gli+ADR group. Gli treatment decreased cardiac function and significantly increased oxidative stress, ERS and apoptosis levels in myocardial tissues in rats treated with ADR. The findings indicated that Gli triggers oxidative stress‑induced ERS, and thus exacerbates ADR‑induced cardiotoxicity in rats.