Indices calculated by serum creatinine and cystatin C as predictors of liver damage, muscle strength and sarcopenia in liver disease

  • Authors:
    • Tatsuki Ichikawa
    • Hisamitsu Miyaaki
    • Satoshi Miuma
    • Yasuhide Motoyoshi
    • Mio Yamashima
    • Shinobu Yamamichi
    • Makiko Koike
    • Youichi Takahashi
    • Tetsurou Honda
    • Hiroyuki Yajima
    • Ryouhei Uehara
    • Naoyuki Hino
    • Ryousuke Hirata
    • Naota Taura
    • Kazuhiko Nakao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 24, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2020.1273
  • Pages: 89-98
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Abstract

Serum creatinine (Cr)‑based glomerular filtration rate (CrGFR) is overestimated in liver disease. The present study evaluated whether the difference in CrGFR and cystatin C (CysC) GFR (dGFR) is significant in liver disease. The Cr‑to‑CysC ratio and sarcopenia index (SI) have been reported to correlate with muscle volume. An estimated total body muscle mass with Cr, CysC and calculated body muscle mass (CBMM) has also been reported to correlate with muscle mass. The applicability of dGFR, SI and CBMM for liver disease were evaluated. A total of 313 patients with liver damage were evaluated for Child‑Pugh score, albumin‑bilirubin (ALBI) score, model for end‑stage liver disease, fibrosis‑4, Cr, CysC, Cr‑based estimated GFR (CreGFR), CysCGFR and grip strength. Of the 313 patients, 199 were evaluated using cross‑sectional computed tomography (CT) of the third lumbar vertebra to determine the skeletal muscle (SM) mass. dGFR, CBMM and SI were compared to liver damage, muscle strength and muscle mass. In the 313 patients, dGFR was correlated with age, ALBI and grip strength; CBMM was correlated with body mass index (BMI) and grip strength; and SI was correlated with BMI and grip strength. In patients evaluated with CT, the correlation coefficients for CBMM and SI with SM were 0.804 and 0.293, respectively. Thus, CBMM and SI were associated with sarcopenia. The relationship between dGFR and ALBI does not differ with different grades of CrGFR‑based chronic kidney disease (CKD). dGFR is a marker of liver damage and muscle strength regardless of CKD. CBMM and SI are markers for sarcopenia in liver disease.
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March 2020
Volume 12 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 2049-9434
Online ISSN:2049-9442

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APA
Ichikawa, T., Miyaaki, H., Miuma, S., Motoyoshi, Y., Yamashima, M., Yamamichi, S. ... Nakao, K. (2020). Indices calculated by serum creatinine and cystatin C as predictors of liver damage, muscle strength and sarcopenia in liver disease. Biomedical Reports, 12, 89-98. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2020.1273
MLA
Ichikawa, T., Miyaaki, H., Miuma, S., Motoyoshi, Y., Yamashima, M., Yamamichi, S., Koike, M., Takahashi, Y., Honda, T., Yajima, H., Uehara, R., Hino, N., Hirata, R., Taura, N., Nakao, K."Indices calculated by serum creatinine and cystatin C as predictors of liver damage, muscle strength and sarcopenia in liver disease". Biomedical Reports 12.3 (2020): 89-98.
Chicago
Ichikawa, T., Miyaaki, H., Miuma, S., Motoyoshi, Y., Yamashima, M., Yamamichi, S., Koike, M., Takahashi, Y., Honda, T., Yajima, H., Uehara, R., Hino, N., Hirata, R., Taura, N., Nakao, K."Indices calculated by serum creatinine and cystatin C as predictors of liver damage, muscle strength and sarcopenia in liver disease". Biomedical Reports 12, no. 3 (2020): 89-98. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2020.1273