Open Access

Role of physical exercise in Alzheimer's disease (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Wei‑Wei Chen
    • Xia Zhang
    • Wen‑Juan Huang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 22, 2016     https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2016.607
  • Pages: 403-407
  • Copyright: © Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The benefits of physical exercise on the brain and general wellness are well recognised, but not particularly well known to the general public. Understanding the importance of integrating active behavior for overall health is crucial at any age and particularly for the elderly who are at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD), a disease mainly affecting individuals aged >65 years. AD is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by extracellular senile plaques of amyloid‑β, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles of the protein tau, brain atrophy and dementia. The beneficial effects of physical exercise have been observed on the maintenance of brain size and efficiency for the prevention of AD risks, such as obesity, hypertension and stroke. These effects are extended to individuals with, or at risk of dementia and other age‑related neurodegenerative disorders. Accordingly, although extensive studies are required to fully understand the mechanisms by which physical exercise procures beneficial effects, data suggest the relevance of integrating physical exercise in the prevention and/or cure of AD, disease whose incidence is predicted to increase in the future. Such an increase, may pose medical, social and economical challenges for populations and the health care system worldwide. In the present review we assess the positive aspects of physical exercise with regard to prevention and cure of AD.

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APA
Chen, W., Zhang, X., & Huang, W. (2016). Role of physical exercise in Alzheimer's disease (Review). Biomedical Reports, 4, 403-407. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2016.607
MLA
Chen, W., Zhang, X., Huang, W."Role of physical exercise in Alzheimer's disease (Review)". Biomedical Reports 4.4 (2016): 403-407.
Chicago
Chen, W., Zhang, X., Huang, W."Role of physical exercise in Alzheimer's disease (Review)". Biomedical Reports 4, no. 4 (2016): 403-407. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2016.607